Corporation Structure and Set-up

Martin Moore Real Estate

Corporate Structure and Set-up: A Comprehensive Guide

Smart Start Management and Consulting provides expert guidance on corporate structure and set-up, including equity, private, limited, partnerships, Ltd. corporations, holding companies, shareholder’s agreements, option to purchase other partners, death beneficiary, family corporate agreements, and set-up. In this guide, we will discuss each of these aspects in detail, helping you make informed decisions about your company’s structure.

Corporation Structure and Set-up

Before we dive into the various types of corporate structures, it’s essential to understand what a corporation is and how it differs from other types of businesses. A corporation is a separate legal entity from its owners, known as shareholders. This separation means that the corporation can own property, enter into contracts, and sue or be sued in its name. It also means that shareholders’ personal assets are generally protected from the corporation’s liabilities.


Equity represents ownership in a company. When a business is started, the owners typically put in their own money or resources, such as equipment, in exchange for shares in the company. As the business grows, additional equity may be sold to outside investors, allowing the company to raise capital without taking on debt.


A private corporation is a company that is not publicly traded on a stock exchange. Private corporations are typically smaller businesses and are often owned by a small group of individuals or families. Private corporations are not subject to the same reporting requirements as public corporations and are not required to disclose financial information to the public.


A limited corporation, or LLC, is a type of business structure that provides limited liability protection to its owners, known as members. Like a corporation, an LLC is a separate legal entity from its owners, which means that the members’ personal assets are generally protected from the company’s liabilities. LLCs are often used by small businesses because they offer the flexibility of a partnership with the liability protection of a corporation.


A partnership is a business structure in which two or more individuals own and operate a business together. There are two main types of partnerships: general partnerships and limited partnerships. In a general partnership, all partners have equal say in the management of the business and share in the profits and losses. In a limited partnership, there are both general partners, who manage the business, and limited partners, who are passive investors and have limited liability.

Ltd. Corporations

A Ltd. corporation is a type of corporation that limits the liability of its shareholders to the amount they have invested in the company. This means that if the company goes bankrupt or faces legal action, the shareholders’ personal assets are generally protected. Ltd. corporations are often used by small businesses and startups because they provide liability protection without the same reporting requirements as publicly traded corporations.

Holding Companies

A holding company is a corporation that owns the stock of other companies. Holding companies are often used to consolidate ownership of multiple companies and simplify management. By owning the stock of other companies, the holding company can control their operations and strategic direction without having to manage them directly.

Shareholder’s Agreements

A shareholder’s agreement is a legal document that outlines the rights and responsibilities of shareholders in a corporation. The agreement typically includes provisions for how shares can be bought and sold, how disputes between shareholders will be resolved, and how decisions will be made within the company. Shareholder agreements are essential for ensuring that shareholders are on the same page and for protecting their rights and investments.

Option to Purchase Other Partners

An option to purchase is a legal agreement that gives one party the right, but not the obligation, to purchase an asset, such as shares in a company, at a specific price and within a specific timeframe. In a partnership, an option to purchase other partners’ shares can be used to ensure that the remaining partners

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